Traumatic injury to the primary teeth can cause significant alteration of the
underlying permanent dentition because of the close anatomic relationship between
the developing permanent teeth and the apices of the overlying primary incisors. Aim:
This case report describes a rare complication of odontoma -like malforamtion along
of the permanent tooth, resulting from the intrusion of the predecessors at very young
age.Clinical and radiographic examination revealed unerupted left maxillary central
incisor blocked by a compound odontoma.The treatment plan was the surgical
removal of the odontoma. Clinical and radiological follow-ups have been established
to monitor the eruption of the permanent tooth.
Women in the modern hi – tech society, which is moving very fast under the shadow of population explosion, conflicts, chaos and corruptions, can mould the personality of the adolescents and youth in a proper direction and perspective, provided the women are themselves empowered. Educating the new generation girls and women ready to empowering her with the skills are necessary for economic independence. It is the only long – term solution for the betterment of girls and women in India. By looking at the fact, the present piece of research work was aimed at studying the empowerment of working and non – working women with particular reference to Ara district of Bihar State, India. In the present study one hundred eighty (N=180) women comprising working women (n=80) and non – working women (n=80) were randomly selected from different organizations, namely. Schools, colleges, banks, and houses etc located at in and around Ara district. Total subjects‟ age were ranged between 25 - 45 years belonging to lower, middle, and upper socioeconomic status groups. Data were collected through questionnaire schedules. Having collected the data, individual scores were obtained for giving statistical treatment. Finally, obtained results revealed the significant difference between the group of working women and non – working women in terms of their degree of perceived reactions on Psychological empowerment. Significant differences were also found in all the dimensions of psychological empowerment viz., „Self – Efficacy‟; Self – Esteem‟; and „psychology of well – being‟, although working women scored higher degree in all the dimensions of psychological empowerment scale than non – working women residing in Ara district of Bihar, India. Results have been discussed in detail by giving the appropriate reasons.
In this article, we revised and updated a previous article published at the beginning of the coronavirus outbreak, near six months. To date, there is no cure to the coronavirus. Meanwhile, a series of vaccines are being tested. However, none of them proved to be the final weapon to defeat the COVID-19. We addressed the following questions: Will life be the same again, and when will things return to the "new normal"? How has humanity adapted to such restrictions? This article is intended to provide scholars with a perspective on the evolving situation and further reactions. Key findings pointed out the creation of countless protocols, sanitary barriers, home office, designed to avoid the increase of the COVID-19 curve flattening. Discussion and recommendations for future research compile the present work.
Coincidence between mens rea and actus reus is a main principle of criminal law. The accepted wisdom, in all legal systems, is that the mere existence of mens rea and actus reus does not suffice to bring into its legal identity any crime requiring both elements, so their simultaneity is also necessary. The necessity of coincidence between the two in its exact literal meaning of the word has been justified by different reasoning which has led to an "absolute" account of the principle. Although the acceptance of this account has a number of positive effects, it could cause negative effects and injustice too. The objective of this study is to explicate a different reading of the principle, by which the criminal justice system can be freed from the trap of such negative effects. Our rival reading of the principle may be termed the "Relative" as opposed to the "Absolute or traditional" approach. While the latter i.e. the "traditional or absolute" account of the principle reads that the coincidence of elements in relation to all crimes requiring both material and spiritual elements must absolutely exist at point (1) of the time axis of the process of commission, the former, i.e. our "Relative" account of coincidence reads that coincidence between elements may occur at any point, for instance ( ) of the time axis, for a better understanding of which a graph of different states of relativity of coincidence is prepared. As it is argued here, the "traditional or absolute" approach to the concept of coincidence creates a number of obstacles for the justice system to serve justice for all. Using our new approach however, it is argued here, would minimize the injustice caused by the traditional approach of coincidence as much as possible, serves the victim's interest and public order much more comprehensively.
Abstract: Post-menopause is caused by the decreasing estrogen resulting in menopausal symptoms. Menopause Rating Scale (MRS) is a standardized questionnaire used to evaluate the menopausal symptoms. Vitamin D is believed relieving the menopausal symptoms. The purpose of this research is to figure out the relationship between 25(OH)D and menopausal symptoms based on MRS.This research employed an observational research method with a cross sectional study. The research population was all post-menopausal patients at Dr. Saiful Anwar Hospital, Malang in March 2020. The inclusion criteria are post-menopausal patients aged >45 years old. The inclusion criteria were the patients having the steroid medication, experiencing autoimmune and thyroid abnormality. The total research subjects were 39 respondents. The 25(OH)D level was examined using ELISA.The results showed that 8(20.5%) deficiency, 22(56,4%) insufficiency, and 9(23,1%) sufficiency. Based on MRS, 8 (20.5%) mild, 12(30.8%) moderate, 17(43.6%) severe, 2(5,1%) very severe menopausal symptoms. Those symptoms were divided into 3 scales: somatic scale moderately experienced by 16 (41%), psychological scale moderately experienced by 21(53.8%), and urogenital scale severely experienced by 17(43.6%) respondents. The results obtained from the spearman correlational analysis showed that there are significant and non-linear relationship of 25(OH)D with somatic symptoms (r -0.652; p 0.000), with psychological symptoms (r -0.452; p 0.004), urogenital symptoms (r -0.368; p 0.021), and with the total MRS scale (r -0.712; p 0.000). The concludes, there is a significant and negative relationship between 25(OH)D and menopausal symptoms based on MRS and close relationship respectively from the strongest to the weakest symptoms (somatic-psychological-urogenital).
Keywords: 25-hydroxyvitamin D, menopausal symptoms, Menopause Rating Scale (MRS), post-menopausal women
Abstract: It has been over a hundred years urbanisation history seems to be a time-development mismatch lethargy with almost nothing added to justify the merited colonial town status of the German rule. This article probes into the genesis of this dawdling Edea development hypothesising a paradigm shift in developmental instruments to be more of externalities than internalities. Accusations take on energy production plants, the creation of the Kribi deep sea port as well as the swallowing incidence Douala over Edea. A methodology involving multi-temporal Landsat satellite images 1990, 2007 and 2017 were used to monitor the spatial growth of Edea. These were complemented with field survey through interviews and observations to denote the spatio-temporal dynamics. Some 108 questionnaire were administered to appreciate stakeholder perception and knowledge of urban development. Findings portray that Edea witnessed a crawling expansion of built-up space from 0.56% in 1990 to 3.01% in 2019 with a timid population increase from 25,398 inhabitants in 1987 to 66,581 in 2005 and 78,601 inhabitants 2019. This paper suggests that the creation of spill over companies in Edea from overwhelming Douala and Kribi could well give the development Edea its historical stand.
Keywords: development, energy production plants, infrastructure, urban attractiveness, Edea
Abstract: Splenic cystic lymphangioma in young adult patients is very rare and should be considered as a differential diagnosis of splenomegaly in malaria-endemic region. We report the case of a 24-year-old female who presented with a 28 cm left sided painless abdominal swelling of 7 years duration. Her physical examination revealed severe anaemia and a massive splenomegaly. An abdominal ultrasound scan was not conclusive. A splenectomy was performed and histopathological analysis led to the diagnosis of cystic splenic lymphangioma. The patient’s postoperative course was uneventful, and she was discharged from the hospital. Histopathological analysis of the resected specimen is the gold standard for definitive diagnosis in such cases.
Keywords: Splenomegaly, Lymphangioma, Pathology, Immunohistochemistry, Diagnosis, Tropics