Grabbing water bodies is a concerning issues now, as well as a new phenomenon
over the last few decades in Bangladesh and often occurring negative impact on local
population with different occupations. This research attempts to investigate the grabbing
scenario and its consequences on people’s life and economy. The study was carried out at
the three important water bodies in Dhaka district are the Buriganga river, the Turag river
and the Balu river and the data were collected from a sample of 130 participants identified
using simple random sampling. Survey research design was followed in this study and the
data were collected through face to face interviews. Findings reveal that more than half of
the respondents said establishing industry is the main reason of grabbing water bodies.
Participants (77.3%) reported to have threats to the livelihood pattern while half of the
respondents (55.6%) rely on water bodies as the sources of livelihoods. The overall scenario
represents the worse standard of river management and need to take immediate steps for
saving water bodies for our own necessary.
This study analyzed the problems commonly encountered by children of drug
abuse families and their resilience afterward. The research method was qualitative research
with a case study approach. In collecting data, this study applied semi-structured interviews
and observations of both research subjects and documentation. The data analyzed
qualitatively. The results found that both subjects A and B often exposure some negative
social problems; bullying, ostracism, and having no playmates. As a result, subject A
becomes inferior, and subject B becomes lazy to formal school. The resilience is as follows;
subject A has ‘I am’ in the form of empathy and optimism, ‘I can’ in the form of
responsibility, and ‘I have’ in the form of appraisal support for attention undertaken from
significant person C. Subject B, in addition, has ‘I am’ in the form of empathy, optimism,
and confidence, ‘I can’ in the form of diligence and responsibility, and ‘I have’ in the form
of appraisal support exposure by significant person D.
Abstract: This paper deals with different areas which are the fundamentals of Administrative System in Tanzania. It focuses on dissecting the Tanzania post colonial state in discharging its duties to the masses, reflect on colonial administrative system as an oppressive, exploitative and humiliating institution and post colonial administrative system as developmental agency, identification and analysis of post colonial administrative structure and functions. Lastly, to assess the functioning of the administrative organs by linking them to the basic needs of the masses. Methodologically the paper has been designed from historical exploratory design. The approach engaged in this paper is that of qualitative nature utilizing both primary and secondary historical sources to gather information through in depth interviews, oral histories, observation and intensive archival documentary review. Research instruments such as interview guides and checklists were designed to facilitate smooth collection of the required data. Most of the secondary data were generated from libraries at SAUT, MWECAU, UDSM, National Library DSM, Mwanza Regional Library and Kilimanjaro Regional Library. The findings revealed that there were high hopes among the masses that throughout the struggle for independence rallied behind TANU which was the vanguard of the struggle for uhuru. It is now 59 years of uhuru yet the basic problems disease, poverty and ignorance which united the masses against colonial administration are still in place. The situation is more precarious in health, wellbeing, economy and human security.
In this article, some of Iran (and my) scientific problems were mentioned. It was concluded that Iran and I will not become anything in the science, I have no intelligence and Iran and I will not become anything in general. Therefore, according to the principles of DEPRESSIVE REALISM, I must always be happy. It was said that there are many people in the world who are much greater than me both in science and money. Therefore, do not be jealous of me, my science and my brain. Also, it was deduced that the only way for the scientific advancement of Iran is to make Iran a state of USA.
Use of simple sugars, artificial and processed sweeteners enhances the risk of diabetes and obesity. People were unaware of benefits of natural sweeteners. An experimental study based on sample size of 10 participants was conducted, to find out the glycemic response of natural sweeteners like sugarcane juice, honey and jaggery in healthy individuals. They were instructed to consume all the juice served in a period of 5 min. Further blood samples were taken at 0, 30, 60, 90, 120 and 150 minutes after consumption. Participants were remained sedentary during each session. Blood was obtained by finger-prick and tested by the glucometer. Dextrose means values 91.3, 138.5, 116.7, 96.2, 88.3, 80.9. Honey mean values 84.5 115.5 96.1 79.7 72.7 75.4. Jaggery mean values 87.4, 129.6, 103.1, 90.4, 86, 80.7. Sugarcane juice means values 83.3, 102.1, 97.4, 91.9, 76.6, 74.6 at 0, 30, 60, 90, 120, 150 minutes respectively. In conclusion, detailed study of glycemic values of dextrose, honey, jaggery and sugarcane juice shows that all are good glycemic substances. So, healthy persons can be recommended to use natural sweeteners because of their good glycemic response and nutrient value. Being natural sweeteners (honey, jaggery, sugarcane) they have pure nutrient value and they boost up blood sugar level energizing the body to carry out the daily activities in a healthy way without making people obese.
Magic and “juju” have been practices which are embedded in the religion, culture and beliefs of the African and remain an indelible development in any crisis in Africa. In 2016, the Teachers and Common Law Lawyers Trade Unions of the Anglophone extraction surprised the State of Cameroon in their demand for the return of the Anglo-Saxon culture and values of education and common law as well as the discontinuation of their marginalisation. The situation became complex when the Anglophone Civil Society Consortium which was formed as an umbrella organisation of the different Teachers‟ Trade Unions and Common Law groupings merged to fight for the Anglophone plight. This was because the Consortium failed in their negotiations for the return to a two state federation. This happened as the process was marred by mistrust, greed and absence of genuine dialogue, all of which impacted the events…………….
Abstract: This paper underscores the fact that service in whatever level or area particularly in Christianity has some very serious implications. It either leads to commendation or condemnation of the one who renders it. However, the result of whether it is of reward or repercussion depends on an individual’s deeds in compliance or rejection of Christian norms and values such as love, faithfulness, righteousness, justice, obedience, holiness and so on. It is demonstrated in Mary Bethany(Mary of Bethany) and Judas Iscariot’s interactions with Jesus (Mt. 26:6-13, 14-16, 20-25, 47-50; Mk. 14:3-9,10-11, 17-21, 43-46; Lk.10:38-42; 7:36-50; Jn. 12:1-8; 11:1-2,28-30). While Mary stands out as an example of one who deserves to be commended, Judas fits in as one condemned. Thus, the paper examines their historical background, encounter, services and their corresponding relationship to Jesus as well as the society. In the same vein, it draws on their implications and applies same to caution, enlighten, teach and enjoin Christians on the need to render justifiable services to God and humanity in order to avail themselves of its benefits rather than of disservice and condemnation.
Abstract: The position and status of women in today’s challenging and enterprising world has been a subject of debates and discussions. Using slogans of democracy and equal opportunities, women have for long demanded equality and rights equal to men, positions that have in many respects accommodated them in one way and in another expose them to new kinds of exploitation, at home and work. But, Islam, as a way of life, has long solved their problem by clearly spelling out the rules and guidance on how and when women should go out and participate in gatherings with men. This paper highlights and appreciates these positions as exposed by the revered Sheikh Othman Bn Fodiyo, the leader of the Sokoto Jihad in his book ‘Guiding the Brothers on the Rules of Women Going Out’.