ABSTRACT Abstract: The rising cases of juvenile delinquency have led to serious reactions to many who are concerned about the reasons for anti-social behaviours by juvenile. Thus, the study examined home environment and juvenile delinquency in Nigeria, with emphasis on Port Harcourt remand home and the borstal institute, Ilorin, Kware State. The study was guided by three research questions. The descriptive research design was used for the study. The population of study constitutes 268 inmates. Again, 100 inmates were used as sample size. The census sampling technique and random sampling technique were adopted to give inmates equal opportunities for selection. Questionnaire instrument was used for the study. The mean and standard deviation was used as method of data analysis. The findings revealed that the home environment is a major contributor to children’s involvement in anti-social and delinquent behaviours. The study shows that involvement in juvenile delinquency is attributed to the socio-economic conditions of the family. Hence, the study concludes and recommended that family should endeavour to create the right atmosphere for children to grow properly in the society and the need for family based preventive and treatment measure be adopted to reduce the incidence of juvenile delinquent.
ABSTRACT Abstract: This study aimed to determine the relationship between the Parenting Styles and the Social Skills Developed among Senior High School Grade 12 Students in Zone IV, Schools Division of Zambales during S. Y. 2018-2019. The study used the descriptive-survey from Selected Junior High School in Subic District. Authoritative Parenting style was rated by the students as often applied by their parents while Authoritarian, Permissive and Uninvolved Parenting Styles were rated sometimes applied. The senior high school grade 12 students have developed a very satisfactory survival skill, interpersonal skill, problem solving skill and conflict resolution skill. Authoritative Parenting Style has significant relationship to the social skills as to Survival Skill, Interpersonal Skill, Problem Solving Skill and Conflict Resolution Skill. Permissive Parenting Style was also significant correlated to Survival Skill, Interpersonal Skill and Problem Solving Skill; and Neglectful Parenting Style has significant relationship to Survival Skill, Interpersonal Skill and Conflict Resolution Skill. Based on salient findings of the study, and the conclusions arrived at, the researcher recommends the use of authoritative parenting style since students find this as more effective and beneficial to the them. Hence, parents ought to be educated on the importance of adopting the parenting style that would aid in promoting their children’s development.
ABSTRACT Abstract: Every society has the interest to preserve its cultural heritage for posterity. The xylophone which is one of the prominent instruments used to produce music in the Grassfields of Cameroon is an important heritage of this people. It is used in most traditional dances both sacred and profane. This instrument has undergone transformation and is still being transformed. Although the history of the xylophone is difficult to trace, it has evolved from simple bars made from special wood placed on bananas or plantain stems to complex, well carved bars and built in boxes and others on long wooden logs. The production and manipulation of this musical instrument was reserved for the nobility who had the prerogative to own masquerades “jujus.” This knowledge was usually transmitted from father to son(s) after so many years of apprenticeship. Today, the ownership of the juju is open to all and due to this reason; the sacredness of this invaluable object is slowly dying out. The production of xylophones is done with any available wood with many of them built to match changing times. This paper explores how the xylophone has evolved over time in the Grassfields of Cameroon and the significance of the xylophone in the culture of the Grassfielders. With information got from participation in traditional dances in which the xylophones are used and interviews with notables and juju owners, I found out that the production of xylophones used to be a part of most royal settings because demonstrated the political, social and religious organisation of Grassfields kingdoms. These xylophones gradually became a major musical instrument in some Christian churches.
ABSTRACT Abstract: The study investigated the stakeholders’ perceived adequacy of current school curricula in meeting employability needs of the undergraduates. It equally assessed the stakeholders’ position on what can be done on current schools’ curricula in order to meet the prevailing employability needs of the undergraduates. It further determined the stakeholders’ perceived employability skills needed by the undergraduates and finally examined the difference in students’ and lecturers’ perceived adequacy of current school curricula in meeting employability needs of the undergraduates. The study employed survey research design and the sample size consisted of 60 lecturers and 600 students purposively selected from five faculties in Obafemi Awolowo University in Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria. An instrument comprising of four sections was developed by the investigators to elicit information from the respondents. The instrument was validated before use using Cronbach’s alpha and yielded 0.78. Three research questions and one hypothesis emanated from the study. The results among others showed that majority of the students had low perceived adequacy of current school curricula in meeting employability needs of undergraduates (45.0%) while majority of the lecturers had moderate perceived adequacy of current school curricula in meeting employability needs of undergraduates (61.7%). Also, there was a significant difference in students and lecturers perceived adequacy of current school curricula in meeting employability needs of the undergraduates (t = -3.343; p<0.05). The study recommended the need for provision of adequate educational facilities as well as improved funding in tertiary institutions in Nigeria.
ABSTRACT Abstract: This paper focuses on the Nekai festival as an expression of identity, unity and political stability in Babungo, a Western Grassfields Tikar fondom of Northwest Cameroon. It is a factor of social cohesion, and at the same time a moment to pay homage and allegiance to the leaders and other traditional institutions and power structures that command the traditional governance system of the fondom. The quest for political stability and identity of the traditional “state” through the Nekai festival provides an opportunity to revisit the rich cultural heritage with values of social cohesion deeply rooted in the customs and tradition of the Babungo people. Intense political and religious activities precede the holding of the Nekai festival. It also depicts a special celebration for the achievements of the polity. Interviews were conducted on the field; files were consulted in Buea National Archives while secondary sources were gleaned in libraries. From these sources, investigations reveal that, the Nekai festival is not only an opportunity to celebrate the values of social cohesion, unity, peace and political stability in the fondom, it also allows for an interesting discovery of the polity’s dual authority governance system incarnated by two personalities; the Fon with power and authority, and the Bah vested with power and control in the fondom. Although the Nekai festival was meant to valorise the rich customs and identity, it also brought to the fore a conflict of authority at the helm of the traditional “state” governance system.The paper has used an interdisciplinary perspective.
ABSTRACT During a crisis situation, communication by public authorities is inescapable and essential for an effective and efficient response to a situation that may endanger and jeopardize at the time life and property. Communication participates largely in the management of any crisis such as the coronavirus pandemic. Since its outbreak in Wuham (China), it has quickly spread nearly all over the world. Since its appearance on 2nd March 2020 on Senegalese territory, the entire nation has been immersed in resolving this health crisis pandemic. All useful means such as communication are highlighted to cut the chain of contagion of the virus. In this communication against the coronavirus pandemic, we noted the presence of concepts, slogans and / or "sloganized" expressions whose understanding of their communicative values requires an operation of interpretation and decoding. The perception of the informative content of such speech acts is based on their context of use by the users. This article tries, from an interpretative analysis, to highlight some speech acts and discursive strategies created and used in the management of the pandemic, then to identify their new particularities, and to decipher their preventive content implicit in the communication of the fight against coronavirus.
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M. Phil Researcher, School of Zoology, Minhaj University Lahore, Pakistan
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