ABSTRACT For a successful teaching-learning process, both teachers and learners should agree about the styles to use. The present research work aimed at investigating suitability and unsuitability of EFL teaching-learning styles in public secondary schools in Parakou municipality (Benin). Three hundred and fifty (350) EFL learners and thirty five (35) EFL teachers were randomly selected for the study. Questionnaires and interviews had been the major instruments for data collection. Statistical analysis carried out with R 4.0.2 revealed significant mismatch between the two styles. It was noted that most of learners are likely to prefer to learn English language with the help of visual and kinesthetic materials than auditory. Teachers strongly favored kinesthetic teaching style (14.9), visual style (13.6) and disfavored auditory teaching style (12.9). The majority of them have two teaching styles (70%). Meanwhile, it was shown that such unsuitability has important negative impacts on students such as stress, unhappiness, boredom and makes teaching-learning failed.
ABSTRACT Nigeria has played significant role in the economy for sustainability growth and development in Africa. However, the outbreak and spread of the Covid-19 has affected the small and Medium Scale Enterprises (SMEs), the basic unit of economic expansion. As the pandemic continues to ravage the country, SMEs are struggling to survive due to decline in the volumes of production and harsh market condition increase with its severe effects on the population. This study intends to investigate the sound effects of the COVID-19 lockdown on small business owners in Akoko South West Local Government Area of Ondo State, Nigeria. The research method employed is a descriptive research design of the survey type. The choice of this method is based on the fact that it focuses on people, event or phenomenon. The population for this study consisted of small business owners and simple random sampling techniques was used to select the respondents from five (5) communities under Akoko South West Local Government Area of Ondo State, Nigeria. The study area is given academic attention due to strategic location for socio-economic advancement. The data collected were analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Frequency counts and percentage were used on the three research questions raised while chi-square was used on the two hypotheses. The findings of this study revealed that in hypothesis one, there are no significant effects of the Covid-19 lockdown on small business owner, because the p-value of each of the items is less than 0.05 (p<0.05) and, therefore, rejected. To inferred that there is a significant effect of the Covid-19 lockdown on small business owner, the hypotheses two revealed that there was no significant difference in the opinion of male and female business owners on the effects of the Covid-19 lockdown on small business owners (t (148) = 1.103; p>0.05). Therefore, the effects of the Covid-19 lockdown on small business owners were not rejected.
ABSTRACT This study seeks to find the meaning behind verbal expressions in the pilgrimage tradition of the people of Suntenjaya Village, Lembang District, West Bandung Regency, and West Java Province, Indonesia. This study focuses on the cultural meanings contained in verbal expressions in the form of words, phrases, clauses, and discourses contained in the pilgrimage tradition of the Suntenjaya Village community. The method used in this study is a qualitative descriptive method using an ethnoscience modeled analysis with an ethnolinguistic paradigm. The data in this study refers to verbal and nonverbal expressions contained in the pilgrimage tradition of the Suntenjaya Village community. The source of data in this study is the people of Suntenjaya Village who carry out and preserve the pilgrimage tradition. The data collection method in this study used the listening method and the conversational method with note-taking techniques and in-depth interview techniques. This study found 3 categories of verbal expression, namely doa, the pronunciation of ijab kobul, and the pronunciation of ngukus.
ABSTRACT The ultimate goal of this paper is to provide a comparative analysis of have a look at and take a look at in four corpora. A major point to note is that take a look at is preferred over have a look at in the TV Corpus from the 1950s to the 2010s. A further point to note is two types reached a peak in the 2010s, which in turn implies that they are the most preferred ones in the 2010s. With respect to the Movie Corpus, it is worth noting that take a look at is favored over have a look at in the Movie Corpus from the 1930s to the 2010s. It is noteworthy, on the other hand, have a look at reached a peak (346 tokens) in the 2000s, whereas take a look at reached a peak (1,310 tokens) in the 2010s. This in turn implies that two types were the most preferred ones in in those periods. The COCA clearly shows that have a look at http is the most preferred one in America, whereas take a look at it is the most preferred one. The COCA also shows that 8.88% of forty five nouns are the collocations of both have a look at and take a look at. The BNC clearly indicates that have a look at number and take a look at trends are the most preferable ones among the British. With respect to the BNC, it is interesting to point out that only 3.7% of twenty seven nouns are the collocation of have a look at and take a look at.
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M. Phil Researcher, School of Zoology, Minhaj University Lahore, Pakistan
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