ABSTRACT The present study involved the biochemical characterization of four leafy vegetables (Basella alba. Hibiscus sabdariffa. Solanum macrocarpon and Lagenaria siceraria) selected and collected from two markets (Texaco and Thomas Sankara) and two market gardening sites (Jardins Talangaï and Nkombo) in the northern part of the city of Brazzaville, in Congo. The water content and pH of the selected leafy vegetables in the four sites were determined from the fresh material, while their protein, lipid, ash and mineral contents were established from the dry material using standard methods. The results reveal that the studied leafy vegetables have a very high-water content ranging from 84.49±0.36-94.63±0.68%, a pH ranging from 2.7±0.6 to 7.3±0.6, a lipid content ranging from 2.09±0.74 to 5.02±0.42%, a protein content within the range of 14.87±0.81% and 35.81±1.85%, and an ash content varying between 6.86±0.53 and 41.59±1.62%. Furthermore, these results show a high content of mineral elements, with values ranging from 3.94±0.95 to 83.57±3.7mg/100g, 920.01±0.45 to 4677.99±2.24mg/100, 101.25±1.02 to 372.80±1.56mg/100g, and 192.28±1.73 to 1452.57±4.71 mg/100g, respectively for iron, calcium, phosphorus and magnesium. In accordance to these results the studied leafy vegetables available and accessible, are rich sources of protein and micronutrients. Thus, their consumption in sufficient quantities could contribute to the improvement of nutritional status and an adequate protection against malnutrition-related diseases.
ABSTRACT Microplastic contamination gain recognition in recent years. Microplastic is found within many parts of human tissue and thus provides potential health hazards. Although microplastic pollution ranges across the land, air, and water ecosystem, this review only exposes the existence of microplastic within the marine environment, which includes the marine territories of Kupang City, Indonesia, and its proximity. In this review, we assess any scientific literature related to microplastic issues in Kupang City. The purpose of this review article is to analyze and combine the results from the researchers who discuss the existence of microplastics and the characteristics of the microplastics studied in Kupang City. In order to achieve a comprehensive explanation, each aspect of expertise in previous research will be carried within a human health point of view. As a result, seven papers published in 2019 to 2022 referring to microplastic problems in Kupang City were found, proposing the presence of filament-shaped and black microplastics in almost all related studies.
ABSTRACT Food and nutritional security is a major and topical concern in the world.This study aims to present the food practices of children in precarious neighborhoods of Port-Bouët. The methodology was based on (1) surveys of 400 children (7 to 12 years old), (2) interviews with managers of the health centers of Gonzaqueville, Vridi Canal and Port-Bouët center, (3) the determination of the quantities of the most consumed meals with a scale, (4) calculations of the BMI of children associated with the weight growth curve according to their sex and (5) documentary research to know the chemical compositions of foods. The majority of children eat their meals at home. The structure of children's meals consists of a main course plus water. The most consumed dish is rice with a sauce and little fish (or meat) and attiéké accompanied by fried fish. Meals consumed by children are high in carbohydrates and contain little protein. They eat four times a day and the meal quantities are small. Most of the children are thin and suffer from anemia. Children in the precarious neighborhoods of Port-Bouët have poor dietary and nutritional practices that negatively influence their health. This category of individuals is the most vulnerable.
ABSTRACT Background: Stunting in the infant can caused by a history of exclusive breastfeeding and report of anemia during pregnancy and can also affect growth in the first 1000 days of life. Research Objective: Research objective was to identify the relationship between the mother's history of anemia during pregnancy on the antenatal care examination and the history of exclusive breastfeeding given to infants aged 6-12 months with stunting in Kuanheun Village and Bolok Village. Method: The method is Cross-sectional. This research was assess in august-September 2022. The total number of respondents was 39 people. The inclusion criteria used; like to become research respondents, respondents who had toddlers aged 6-12 months in Kuanheun Village and Bolok Village, and respondents who brought Maternal and Child Health (MCH) books of the study subject. The data type used was the history of Antenatal Care (ANC) in the mother's MCH book and anthropometric measurements on the infant. Results: Spearman's rho test there was no significant association between the history of ANC K4 anemia and the incidence of stunting in infants 6-12 months p = 0.7 >0,05 and there was no significant association between the history of exclusive breastfeeding and the incidence of stunting in infants 6-12 months p = 0.1 >0,05. Conclusion: There is no relationship between the report of anemia in ANC K4 and the history of exclusive breastfeeding with the incidence of stunting in infants aged 6-12 months in Kuanheun Village and Bolok Village.
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Mst. Tanzina Islam
Nursing Instructor, Naogaon Nursing Institute, Naogaon, Rajshahi, Bangladesh
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