ABSTRACT Purpose: Fibrous dysplasia (FD) is a benign fibro-osseous pathologic condition characterized by the replacement of bone with fibrous tissues. Its diagnosis is based on clinical, radiological and histological findings. Objective: In this study, we report a case of unilateral FD in the left side of the maxilla, precisely in the palate region, using computed tomography and histological examinations. Results: On examination, expansion of the buccal cortical plate and obliteration of the vestibule were found .The covering and surrounding mucosa was normal in color, showing no clinical manifestation of inflammation or ulceration. Tomography showed a diffuse and heterogeneous thickening of the bony elements, involving the hard palate. As a treatment, we opted for remodeling osteotomy in order to improve the esthetic outcome. Conclusion: knowledge of the morphological changes is important for the diagnosis of bone pathologies. Thus, the dentist must be familiar with the normal morphology of the structures as well as their possible abnormalities.
ABSTRACT Periodontal diseases are inﬂammatory disorders that give rise to tissue damage as a result of complex interaction between pathogenic microorganisms and host immune response. It is a term used to describe an inﬂammatory process initiated by plaque bioﬁlms that lead to loss of periodontal attachment to the root surface and adjacent alveolar bone, which ultimately results in tooth loss. Though microorganisms are the initiating agents, the disease initiation and progression are inﬂuenced by the host response being modiﬁed by environmental and behavioural factors. The disease progression involves a network of interacting molecular pathways made of pro-inﬂammatory mediators like cytokines, growth factors, reactive oxygen species, matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), and their inhibitors and regulators.
ABSTRACT Natural teeth are vital to the preservation of residual alveolar ridge. Conservative and preventive principles of prosthodontics are practiced when natural teeth are retained rather than extracted. The use of overdenture is an exemplary example of such principles. Overdenture with copings is not routinely prescribed. We present a case of an elderly male patient who presented with missing teeth. A tooth supported overdenture that involved both coping and non coping designs was fabricated.
Non-Odontogenic Toothache- A Review Ipsita Pathak, Dr. Praveen Singh Samant, BDS, MDS & Dr. Raju Chauhan, BDS, MDS EAS J Dent Oral Med, 2020; 2(2):58-62.
ABSTRACT Non-odontogenic toothache is a painful condition that occurs in the absence of a clinically evident cause in the teeth or periodontal tissues. The purpose of this review is to improve the accuracy of diagnosis and the quality of dental treatment regarding non-odontogenic toothache. Non-odontogenic toothache can be categorised into six groups according to primary disorders as follows: 1.Myofascial toothache 2.Neurovascular toothache 3.Cardiac toothache 4.Neuropathic toothache 5.Sinus toothache 6.Psychogenic toothache.
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Mst. Tanzina Islam
Nursing Instructor, Naogaon Nursing Institute, Naogaon, Rajshahi, Bangladesh
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