ABSTRACT Abstract: Malignant melanoma of the oral cavity is a rare neoplasm that arises from a benign melanotic lesion within normal mucosa. Malignant melanomas of the oral cavity are extremely rare, accounting for 0.2% to 8% of all malignant melanomas. It occurs approximately four times more frequently in the oral mucosa of the upper jaw usually on the palate or alveolar gingiva. Oral malignant melanoma is caused by unknown factors; benign pigmentation may precede the neoplasm by several years. The malignant transformation of benign melanosis is associated with poor prognosis. Tumor size and metastases are prognostic tools for the disease. Therefore dental clinician must carefully examine the head, neck, oral cavity, or any pigmented lesion that exhibit growth potential. Here, we are presenting a case of oral malignant melanoma located on maxillary gingiva in a 52 year old female patient.
ABSTRACT Abstract: Tooth avulsion in permanent dentition constitutes a dental emergency and immediate replantation of the avulsed tooth is often considered as the treatment of choice. This case report describes the management of a 13-year old boy with avulsed maxillary central incisor. The avulsed tooth was kept in milk for 16 hours from the moment of trauma until its replantation. Extra-oral endodontic treatment was carried out before replantation and splinting of the avulsed tooth was done with a semi rigid splint for 4 weeks. The replanted tooth remained in a stable functional position and did not reveal clinical or radiological symptoms. After 18 months follow-up period, a replacement root resorption was radiologically diagnosed.
ABSTRACT Abstract: Clear aligners have revolutionized the field of esthetic orthodontics and the number of patients keen to get clear aligner therapy is increasing with time. To meet this demand, the clear aligner technology is becoming more versatile day by day. This paper will throw some light on clear aligner therapy highlighting the clinical scope, case selection and treatment.
ABSTRACT Abstract: Tongue-tie is a congenital anomaly characterized by a short frenulum that can hinder lingual mobility. The lingual frenulum is an anatomical structure consisting essentially of a very dense network of connective fibers which attaches the tongue to the oral floor, should be permitted adequate space at denture border. Otherwise, it will cause the dislodgement of the denture. The treatment options included frenotomy and frenectomy. Frenectomy is complete removal of the frenum, while frenotomy is incision of the frenum.This case reports a 51 year-old, edentulous male patient with brief lingual frenulum who complained of difficulty in speech, feeding and the instability of his complete mandibular denture which he underwent conventional lingual frenectomy procedure followed by speech therapy sessions.
ABSTRACT Abstract: Despite immense investigations in science and technology, natural calamities and crimes keep persisting in human life. Detection of human remains is essential for various reasons including legal, criminal, humanitarian and social grounds. Forensic odontology is a branch of dentistry that analyzes dental evidence to overlap the dental and legal profession. Dental remains can be used for identification as using them is cost effective, reliable and fast. Forensic information from soft tissues of the oral cavity, forensic methods of age estimation, therapeutic and molecular aspects of Forensic odontology has been enlightened. The present article highlights the role of dentist in identification of human, dental remains and crime investigation.
ABSTRACT Abstract: Aim: The aim of present study was to evaluate and compare radiographically the amount of crestal bone resorption during healing and loading period in single implant versus two implant retained mandibular overdentures in totally edentulous patients. Materials & Methods: A total of 20 edentulous patients (12 male and 8 female) with age range of 58.6 years were included in this clinical trial which was completed in 4 phases (clinical and radiographic diagnosis, surgical phase, implant loading phase and bone level measurement phase). The eligible patients were randomly allocated in 2 equivalent groups of 10 participants each per group. The allocation was in 1:1 ratio via randomized chit method. Group I included the case group i.e. single implant and Group II included the control group i.e. two-implants located in mandible. A total of 30 implants were placed in Group I and 20 implants in Group II. Digital intraoral peri-apical radiographs (RVG 5100) were used for measuring the bone level immediately after implant surgery, 1 month, 3 months, 4months and 6 months. Result: The present study showed that there was a mean crestal bone loss of 0.7mm between the tip of the implant and alveolar crest at the end of 6 months after implant placement in single implant group I while 0.67mm in case of Group II two-implant retained mandibular................
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Mst. Tanzina Islam
Nursing Instructor, Naogaon Nursing Institute, Naogaon, Rajshahi, Bangladesh
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