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ABSTRACT Generation Z, born between the mid-1990s and early 2010s, has become a desirable demographic for the financial industry due to their unique upbringing in the digital age. This generation is proficient with technology, cellphones, and online platforms. Generation Z is well-suited for digital banking services, online investing platforms, and other fintech advances. This study investigates the impact of financial literacy on investment decisions, using financial behaviour as a mediator, based on the Theory of Planned Behaviour. Employing a quantitative methodology, a study was conducted on a group of 110 Generation Z individuals that engage in stock market investments in Malang City. Through the application of Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) research, it is demonstrated that financial literacy exerts an impact on both financial behaviour and investment decisions. Furthermore, financial behaviour acts as a mediator in the relationship between financial literacy and investment decisions. Research findings suggest that Generation Z in Malang City should enhance their ability to forecast investment risks in order to make more informed investment choices. Generation Z is anticipated to consistently seek knowledge pertaining to strong investment portfolios from fellow investors in order to enhance their investment choices.
ABSTRACT In today’s world, many people suffer from hunger due to food scarcity. This phenomenon is often observed in developing countries and is fueled by factors such as conflict and climate change. However, hunger crises can also occur in developed countries, as seen in the UK. In this article, I aim to examine the impact of food aid on reducing food poverty in a specific manner, focusing on Burundi and the United Kingdom. While there are numerous organizations worldwide that tirelessly provide food aid, it is clear that aid alone cannot end food poverty. People cannot rely on aid indefinitely. Food aid is crucial in emergency situations, but aid agencies should also consider changing their strategies. They should prioritize teaching the targeted population how to improve their agricultural techniques, enabling them to overcome such circumstances with the support of their governments.
ABSTRACT This article, which focuses on the computerisation of care for diabetic patients, analyses the relationship with a social innovation in the hospital environment at the Abidjan Anti-Diabetic Centre (CADA). The aim is to highlight the social logic of a denunciation of innovation in the patient-caregiver relationship through the Visiomed project. This article, which focuses on the computerisation of care for diabetic patients, analyses the relationship with social innovation in the hospital environment at the Abidjan Anti-Diabetic Centre (CADA). It sets out to highlight the social logic of a denunciation of innovation in the patient-caregiver relationship through the Visiomed project. The analysis focuses on the reconfiguration of patient-caregiver relationships, the social representations associated with the innovation, the trajectories of computerisation and management linked to the Visiomed project, and the issues and challenges of maintaining patients in the face of the innovation. The discussion of the results shows that the denunciation or rejection of the Visiomed innovation by the patient can be explained by the distancing of the Agent-Patient relationship, the differentiated representations that patients have of the attributes of technological innovation, associated with this computerisation of care monitoring through the Visiomed project. Moreover, these differentiated representations of the innovation are the product of the reconfiguration of the relationships between the health agents of the Antidiabetic Centre and their patients in the social field of communication.
ABSTRACT Abundance and diversity of Pleurotus species (Oyester mushroom) and host trees for sustainable management in Ngel-Nyaki montane forest was conducted with the view to examine how abundant and diverse are Pleurotus species and their host trees in Ngel-Nyaki montane forest. A preliminary survey across the montane forest was carried out using opportunistic sampling protocol. Shannon-Weiner Diversity Index (SWDI) was used to determined Pleurotus and host trees diversity. The species richness of the Pleurotus species and host trees spotted was determined as well as species evenness. SWDI for Pleurotus species was 1.15 and that of host trees was 0.74; species richness was 0.026 and 0.0125; while species evenness was 0.248 and 0.189 respectively. The Pleurotus species observed at Ngel-Nyaki montane forest were Pleurotus pulmonarius, P. ostreatus, P. djamor and P. eryngii and Polyschias fulva, Anthonata noldeae, and Ficus lutea as host respectively. Mushroom in general including Pleurotus species serves as a source of food and income for many locals as well as urban dwellers. Pleurotus host trees play important role in the survival of Pleurotus and also function as source of fuelwood, medicine, timber, global warming fight. Government, conservation societies as well as stakeholders should sponsor training workshops for the locals on how to raise mushroom farms in order to reduce their over dependence on the wild for services of Pleurotus and host trees.
ABSTRACT The construction and acceptance of the identity or sexual orientation of sexual minorities by society and the individual are realities that are constantly in crisis. This reality is all the more perceptible in societies where minorities are strongly discriminated against as a result of certain social considerations. In Côte d'Ivoire, the legal vacuum on the issue of sexual minorities leaves them prey to practices that are sometimes demeaning to certain members of the community. This article provides an insight into the lives of some of Côte d'Ivoire's sexual minorities (MSM, TG and Lesbian) and the hesitations that mark the construction of their gender identity. Based on a qualitative approach with four (04) leaders of the LGBTQ+ community on the one hand, and referring to social identity theory on the other, it emerges that the construction process is discontinuous or disjointed due to hesitations created by internal and external factors. Internally, the individual's decisions or choices help to create hesitations or set up these situations. From an external point of view, the family or social context and certain discriminatory behaviours with regard to the sexual orientation of individuals have a strong influence on the acceptance and definition of a gender identity within this category of the population.
ABSTRACT Background: Juvenile delinquency in Bangladesh refers to the involvement of minors in criminal activities or behaviors that violate societal norms. It is a complex issue influenced by various factors, including socioeconomic disparities, family dysfunction, peer influence, substance abuse, and mental health issues. The prevalence of juvenile delinquency poses significant challenges for the country, affecting the well-being of young individuals and the overall safety of communities. Understanding the causes and consequences of juvenile delinquency is essential for developing effective prevention and intervention strategies that address the unique social, economic, and cultural context of Bangladesh. Objectives: The purpose of this research is to identify the Causes and Consequences of Juvenile Delinquency in Bangladesh. Methods: The study's data came from Scopus and Google Scholar, PUBMED articles that were published between 2015 and 2022. To find further studies, the reference lists of all included studies and pertinent systematic reviews were examined. All searches were limited to just human research and the English language. This systematic review was conducted in accordance with PRISMA guidelines. Results: The results of 9 studies, selected at random, indicate that highlights the significant role of socioeconomic factors, such as low family income and parental education, in increasing the risk of delinquency. It underscores the need for targeted social support programs, educational opportunities, and economic empowerment to address these disparities. Additionally, family dysfunction, peer influence, substance abuse, and mental health issues are identified as key contributors to delinquency, emphasizing the importance of interventions aimed at strengthening families, promoting positive peer networks, addressing substance abuse, and providing mental health support. Conclusion: In conclusion, juvenile delinquency in Bangladesh is a complex issue influenced .....
ABSTRACT Sexuality remains a concept that cannot be dissociated from human existence. Various interpretations and expressions of sexuality in the contemporary societies leave questions on the natural purpose for human sexuality as beings. This paper is an ethical reflection on human sexuality and sexual education in the contemporary society particularly in African context. Having clarified the main terms and with a literal approach to sexuality and sexual education, the paper discussed brief historical and general understanding of sexuality, biblical foundation of sexuality and African perspectives to sexuality and sexual education. While the traditional African mode of sexuality and its education begins with communicating gender roles to the children and avoidance of exposures to sexual organs because of the sacredness attached, the contemporary society opens the need for formal sexual education at earlier childhood due to the influences of industrialization, modernization, Information and Communication Technology (ICT) advancements and the media. The various societal institutions of family, schools, religious (church) and communities led by parents, teachers, religious leaders such as church pastors and the government respectively are to complement efforts to curb abuse and immoral uses of sexuality from the society through the various intra and inter institutional opportunities available for learning on sexuality.
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Mst. Tanzina Islam
Nursing Instructor, Naogaon Nursing Institute, Naogaon, Rajshahi, Bangladesh
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