ABSTRACT The literature review is a crucial component of academic research, providing a comprehensive understanding of the current state of knowledge and guiding future research agendas. However, researchers often make common mistakes that compromise the rigor and effectiveness of their literature reviews. This study aims to identify and discuss these prevalent errors in literature reviews for business and management research and provide researchers with a step-by-step guide to enhance the rigor of their literature reviews. The study highlights common mistakes such as a lack of systematic search strategy, failure to critically evaluate and synthesize the literature, unclear research objectives and questions, and overreliance on outdated or biased sources. By following a systematic approach and avoiding these prevalent errors, researchers can ensure that their literature reviews contribute to the overall rigor and quality of research in the field, facilitating the generation of new ideas, identifying research gaps, and enhancing the understanding of business and management phenomena. This study is vital for researchers, scholars, and business and management research practitioners, providing practical tools to improve the rigor and effectiveness of their literature reviews.
ABSTRACT The production of vegetables is very important to Ethiopia's economy and various types of vegetables can grow in Ethiopia. However, despite the existing potentials, smallholder vegetable farms are based on low input–low output production system in the country. The production is run by smallholder farmers and is located on a relatively small part of land. In the same way, there is inadequate knowledge on improved vegetables production practices, challenges and opportunities by smallholder farmers in the country and public research on vegetable crops was negligible. To this end, this review was aimed to assess practices of vegetable production and management, challenges of vegetable production and management and opportunity of vegetable production by small holder farming household. The review found that, vegetable production practices and management are not the primary activity for the majority of smallholder farming households in the country; rather, they are seen as a supplement to the production of major crops. It was mainly based on traditional farming system. Further the review found out that, lack of access to credit, limited supply of improved seed, marketing and market information, appropriate management techniques, appropriate disease and insect pest control measures, outbreak of new disease and pest are among the main challenges of vegetable production in the country. This is mainly because of the limited resource allocation to research and development including the extension services. Finally, the review recommends that, in promoting vegetable producer households, diversified and intensified agricultural farming, and problems related to extension service and research, credit service, disease and pest control, market and marketing information, and provision of modern agricultural inputs should be addressed by concerned bodies.
ABSTRACT The goal of this study is to comprehend how financial literacy is interpreted by MSME (Trenggalek Typical Food) players in relation to achieving business independence. As we all know, financial literacy is the capacity to comprehend and apply financial skills in an efficient manner with reference to knowledge of financial services, products, features, benefits, risks, expenses, and financial management, particularly with regard to MSMEs in Trenggalek specialty food managing their business. A prevalent phenomena in the field is the close relationship between the degree of financial literacy and numerous MSME development issues, which can be broadly related. The research focuses on how independent their enterprises are—that is, how they comprehend and apply financial literacy in their activities and behavior—so that they are not dependent on others to meet the goals that MSMEs aspire to. In order to examine the meaning of financial literacy towards the independence of their MSMEs, the author of this research adopts a qualitative, phenomenological approach to capture the reality found in typical Trenggalek food MSMEs. Methods of observation, interviews, and documentation were used in the data collection process. The findings of the study indicate that the level of financial literacy utilised is restricted to a basic comprehension of bookkeeping; however, they are also knowledgeable about savings, banking products, insurance, and deposits. In essence, they comprehend because other parties are involved in the realization of their company independence.
ABSTRACT Malt barley is a high-opportunity cash crop, with great room for profitable expansion, particularly when connected to growing breweries. With the intention of popularizing advanced malt barley varieties (IBON174/03 and HB-1963) on a large-scale demonstration farming approach, this activity was carried out in West Shewa Zone potential areas to increase production and productivity of malt barley technologies during 2020-2022 production seasons. West Shewa Zone was purposively selected based on agro-ecological zone as the target population for this cluster farming. From the Zone potential areas, three districts were randomly selected including Ambo, Toke kutaye and Elfeta Districts. From each district, 9 kebeles and 144 host farmers participated in this cluster based on their interest and availability of adjacent farm plots. Thus, 9 clusters were formed, and 60 ha of land was covered on improved malt barley technologies. Training was given for stakeholders for 144 farmers, 44 DAs, and 16 agricultural experts who worked in selected districts on barley production and management packages. The study found that the average yield from the IBON174/03 variety was 30qt ha-1, 29qt ha-1, and 28qtha-1 at Toke kutaye, Elfeta and Ambo districts, with an overall mean grain yield of 29qtha-1. The HB-1963 variety yielded 26 qt ha-1, 24 qt ha-1 at Toke kutaye, Elfeta and Ambo districts respectively for an overall grain yield of 25 qt ha-1. Therefore, from the researchers and farmers evaluation both demonstrated malt barley varieties were recommended for the study areas and similar agro-ecologies for further demonstration and dissemination.
ABSTRACT The objective of this study is to examine, elucidate, and evaluate the impact of customer value on customer satisfaction, as well as the impact of customer value and customer satisfaction on brand image. This study aims to examine the impact of customer value on brand image by means of customer satisfaction in café eateries in Malang. The study sample consisted of 130 participants who were clients of Cafe Resto in Malang City and were selected as responders for the investigation. The process of gathering research data through the utilization of questionnaires. The analysis methodology employs the Structural Equation Model (SEM) with the utilization of PLS (Partial et al.,) software. The findings of the study indicate that there is a positive correlation between customer value and customer happiness in café restaurants located in the city of Malang. The brand image of cafe restaurants in the city of Malang is positively influenced by customer value and customer happiness. The brand image of café restaurants in Malang is influenced by customer value, which is mediated by customer satisfaction. The enhancement of brand image for cafe restaurants in Malang City is contingent upon the provision of good customer value and the attainment of high levels of customer satisfaction. Consequently, this will result in an increased consumer interest in patronizing these establishments.
ABSTRACT This research aims to determine whether there is a difference in Bank Danamon's performance between before (2021) and after (2022) the change of Commissioners and Directors. The methodology used is the Wilcoxon test. The research results stated that there was no difference in Bank Danamon's performance between before (2021) and after (2022) the change of commissioners and directors. The results of the analysis shows that there is no difference in performance between 2021 and 2022. However it is not constant because there are 5 (five) negative ranks, namely the ratio of Minimum Capital Adequacy Requirement (KPMM), Non-performing earning assets and non-performing non-productive assets to total productive assets and non-productive assets, Net Non Performance Loans (NNPLs) , and Net Interest Margin (NIM), Operating Expenses to Operating Income (BOPO), while 6 (six) positive ranks are on Allowance for impairment losses (CKPN) of financial assets against productive assets, Gross Performance Loans (GPLs), Return on Assets (ROA), Return on Equity (ROE ), Cost to Income Ratio (CIR), and Loan to Deposit Ratio (LDR) 1 (one) tiesvor constant, namely the ratio of Non-performing earning assets to total productive assets.
ABSTRACT An optimal capital structure can provide maximum profits for the company. So, it requires company value and reduces the risk of bankruptcy. This paper aims to describe the capital structure and financial performance of Sharia Banks in Indonesia. The method of study and data analysis means this research is included in the descriptive research category, which identifies various variables. The method used is survey research for which secondary data is available. The population used in this research is Sharia Banks listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange in 2022, publish financial reports, and are registered with the Financial Services Authority (OJK) during the 2013-2022 period. The results of the analysis of this research description show that capital market growth has a role in financial performance. This means that the development of the capital market creates wider funding opportunities for Sharia Banks in Indonesia. With more accessible access to the capital market through the issuance of shares or bonds on the capital market, Islamic banks can expand their funding sources to support operational activities and business growth. This can help increase liquidity and financial stability at Sharia Banks in Indonesia to optimize capital market potential. Sharia Banks need to pay attention to and utilize capital market potential effectively. In this case, they can increase collaboration with capital market institutions, carry out a public offering (IPO) program, or use other cap
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Mst. Tanzina Islam
Nursing Instructor, Naogaon Nursing Institute, Naogaon, Rajshahi, Bangladesh
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